Jump over the site's section navigation.

Float Box 1

Enter float box content...

Accidents and Spills

The procedures outlined below may vary with a particular emergency and are intended as general guidelines to avoid further contamination and injury to personnel.

Minor accidents and spills

Where there is no radiation hazard to personnel:

  1. Confine the spill immediately. Post the spill area.
    • Liquid spills
      • Wear protective gloves.
      • Drop absorbent paper on the spill.
    • Dry spills
      • Wear protective gloves.
      • Damp wipe with proper solvent, taking care not to spread contamination. (Water may generally be used except where chemical reaction with the water would generate an air contaminant).
  2. Notify the following as soon as possible:
    • Radiation Safety Officer - Adam McCrary
      Home phone: (309) 706-8655
    • Environmental Health and Safety
      Office phone: (309) 438-8325
      After hours: (309) 438-8631
    • Principal Investigator
  3. Decontaminate, using procedures outlined in Appendix 2-C of this manual
  4. Monitor all persons involved in the spill and clean up operations
  5. Permit no person to resume work in the area until a survey by the Radiation Safety Officer has been completed.
  6. A copy of the written report of this spill shall be sent to the Safety Office.

Major accidents and spills

Where there is a radiation hazard to personnel:

  1. Notify all persons not involved in the spill to evacuate the room at once. Personnel not involved shall:
    1. Give first aid to any injured person first of all.
    2. Evacuate the room.
    3. Monitor themselves and decontaminate if necessary.
    4. Notify the Radiation Safety Officer.
    5. Stand by to assist and limit all access to the affected room
  2. Notify the following as soon as possible:
    • Radiation Safety Officer- Adam McCrary
      Home phone: (309) 706-8655
    • Environmental Health and Safety
      Office phone: (309) 438-8325
      After hours: (309) 438-8631
    • Principal Investigator
    • Health Services (if needed) Office phone: (309) 438-8655
  3. The Radiation Safety Officer will be in complete charge upon notification of the accident or spill.
  4. If the spill is liquid and the hands are protected, right the container.
  5. If the spill is on the skin, flush thoroughly.
  6. If the spill is on the clothing, discard outer or protective clothing at once.
  7. Vacate the room, evacuate possibly exposed and/or injured personnel from the accident area, give them urgent first aid, and seal off the area. Remain in the general area so that the contamination is not spread to other areas.
  8. Take immediate steps to decontaminate personnel involved, as necessary.
  9. Plan the decontamination procedure and obtain the necessary equipment. Do not start the decontamination program until plans have been carefully worked out, the required equipment has been obtained, and the Radiation Safety Officer has authorized the clean up.
  10. Decontaminate the entire area. Personnel involved in decontamination must be adequately protected. If air contamination is suspected, an ultrafiltration respirator must be worn.
  11. Monitor all persons involved in the spill or accident and all cleaning operations to determine the adequacy of the decontamination.
  12. Permit no person to resume work in the area until a survey by the Radiation Safety Officer has been completed.
  13. Prepare a complete written history of the accident and subsequent action; as soon as possible evaluate:
    • Personnel exposure.
    • Amount of activity released outside the laboratory.

Health Services

Health Service personnel involved in treating exposed patients should, with the aid of the Radiation Safety Officer, do the following:

  1. Confine and survey all contaminated people. Give first aid for traumatic injury and burns if necessary.
  2. Evaluate situation in regard to contamination by radionuclides and level of radiation exposure.
  3. If contamination is present, perform simple decontamination and resurvey patient.
  4. Put the patient to bed. The Health Service's Staff Physician should conduct a brief physical examination.
  5. Save all samples of clothes, jewelry, blood, urine, stool, vomitus. Label with name, time, and date.
  6. Obtain careful history of accident.

If the exposure is over 100rem or more or if the staff physician so dictates, the patient should be sent to the hospital emergency room for additional treatment or diagnosis.

Radioactive dusts, mists, fumes, organic vapors, and gases.

  1. Hold breath and do whatever is possible to confine the activity as time permits.
  2. Notify all other persons to vacate the room immediately.
  3. Vacate the room. Close the door and remain at the doorway. Remove protective clothing and monitor or be monitored thoroughly for contamination. If skin or hair is significantly contaminated, proceed to adjacent radioisotope laboratory and begin decontamination. The Radiation Safety Officer will take nasal smears and saliva samples.
  4. Notify the following as soon as possible:
    • Radiation Safety Officer- Adam McCrary
      Home phone: (309) 706-8655
    • Environmental Health and Safety
      Office phone: (309) 438-8325
      After hours: (309) 438-8631
    • Heating Plant: (309) 438-5656. Inform them that there is a radiation problem, and they need to shut down the general ventilation system in that building.
  5. Ascertain that all doors giving access to the room are closed and post conspicuous warnings or guards to prevent accidental opening of doors.
  6. Radiation Safety Officer shall collect smears and saliva samples from all personnel involved. Keep all personnel in one area until all are monitored.
  7. Wear protective clothing and respiratory protection to evaluate contamination. Determine the cause of contamination and rectify the condition if contamination is escaping from a primary source.
  8. Plan the decontamination procedure and assemble equipment. Do not decontaminate until plans have been worked out, the required equipment has been obtained and the Radiation Safety Officer has authorized the cleanup.
  9. Decontaminate the area working from "clean" to "warm" to "hot" areas.
  10. Monitor all persons suspected of contamination.
  11. Prepare a complete written history of the accident and subsequent events. Evaluate as soon as possible:
    • Personnel exposure.
    • Amounts of activity released outside the laboratory.

Other Emergency Procedures

  1. Principle Investigators that have more specific details for emergencies or have special procedures for accidents should have them written out and posted in their laboratories. A copy should be sent to the Radiation Safety Officer and Environmental Health and Safety.
  2. The Radiation Safety Committee shall review these specific or special procedures for comment or revision.

2017-09-13T14:58:06.56-05:00 2017
©